参数化 SQL IN 子句

SELECT * FROM Tags 
WHERE Name IN ('ruby','rails','scruffy','rubyonrails')
ORDER BY Count DESC

答案

string[] tags = new string[] { "ruby", "rails", "scruffy", "rubyonrails" };
string cmdText = "SELECT * FROM Tags WHERE Name IN ({0})";

string[] paramNames = tags.Select(
    (s, i) => "@tag" + i.ToString()
).ToArray();

string inClause = string.Join(", ", paramNames);
using (SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(string.Format(cmdText, inClause))) {
    for(int i = 0; i < paramNames.Length; i++) {
       cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue(paramNames[i], tags[i]);
    }
}
cmd.CommandText = "SELECT * FROM Tags WHERE Name IN (@tag0, @tag1, @tag2, @tag3)"
cmd.Parameters["@tag0"] = "ruby"
cmd.Parameters["@tag1"] = "rails"
cmd.Parameters["@tag2"] = "scruffy"
cmd.Parameters["@tag3"] = "rubyonrails"
SELECT * FROM Tags
WHERE '|ruby|rails|scruffy|rubyonrails|'
LIKE '%|' + Name + '|%'
string[] tags = new string[] { "ruby", "rails", "scruffy", "rubyonrails" };
const string cmdText = "select * from tags where '|' + @tags + '|' like '%|' + Name + '|%'";

using (SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(cmdText)) {
   cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@tags", string.Join("|", tags);
}
CREATE TYPE dbo.TagNamesTableType AS TABLE ( Name nvarchar(50) )
string[] tags = new string[] { "ruby", "rails", "scruffy", "rubyonrails" };
cmd.CommandText = "SELECT Tags.* FROM Tags JOIN @tagNames as P ON Tags.Name = P.Name";

// value must be IEnumerable<SqlDataRecord>
cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@tagNames", tags.AsSqlDataRecord("Name")).SqlDbType = SqlDbType.Structured;
cmd.Parameters["@tagNames"].TypeName = "dbo.TagNamesTableType";

// Extension method for converting IEnumerable<string> to IEnumerable<SqlDataRecord>
public static IEnumerable<SqlDataRecord> AsSqlDataRecord(this IEnumerable<string> values, string columnName) {
    if (values == null || !values.Any()) return null; // Annoying, but SqlClient wants null instead of 0 rows
    var firstRecord = values.First();
    var metadata = SqlMetaData.InferFromValue(firstRecord, columnName);
    return values.Select(v => 
    {
       var r = new SqlDataRecord(metadata);
       r.SetValues(v);
       return r;
    });
}
select ...
 where '|peanut|butter|' like '%|' + 'pe%ter' + '|%'
select ...
 where '|butter|peanut|' like '%|' + 'pe%ter' + '|%'
select ...
 where '|peanut|butter|'
  like '%|' + 'pe\%ter' + '|%' escape '\'
select ...
 where '|pe%ter|'
  like '%|' + REPLACE( 'pe%ter' ,'%','\%') + '|%' escape '\'
select ...
 where '|pe%t!r|'
  like '%|' + REPLACE(REPLACE( 'pe%t!r' ,'!','!!'),'%','!%') + '|%' escape '!'
select ...
 where '|p_%t!r|'
  like '%|' + REPLACE(REPLACE(REPLACE( 'p_%t!r' ,'$','$$'),'%','$%'),'_','$_') + '|%' escape '$'
DECLARE @tags

SET @tags = ‘ruby|rails|scruffy|rubyonrails’

select * from Tags 
where Name in (SELECT item from fnSplit(@tags, ‘|’))
order by Count desc
CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[fnSplit](
    @sInputList VARCHAR(8000) -- List of delimited items
  , @sDelimiter VARCHAR(8000) = ',' -- delimiter that separates items
) RETURNS @List TABLE (item VARCHAR(8000))

BEGIN
DECLARE @sItem VARCHAR(8000)
WHILE CHARINDEX(@sDelimiter,@sInputList,0) <> 0
 BEGIN
 SELECT
  @sItem=RTRIM(LTRIM(SUBSTRING(@sInputList,1,CHARINDEX(@sDelimiter,@sInputList,0)-1))),
  @sInputList=RTRIM(LTRIM(SUBSTRING(@sInputList,CHARINDEX(@sDelimiter,@sInputList,0)+LEN(@sDelimiter),LEN(@sInputList))))

 IF LEN(@sItem) > 0
  INSERT INTO @List SELECT @sItem
 END

IF LEN(@sInputList) > 0
 INSERT INTO @List SELECT @sInputList -- Put the last item in
RETURN
END
var inValues = new [] { "ruby","rails","scruffy","rubyonrails" };

var results = from tag in Tags
              where inValues.Contains(tag.Name)
              select tag;
string[] names = new string[] {"ruby","rails","scruffy","rubyonrails"};
var tags = dataContext.Query<Tags>(@"
select * from Tags 
where Name in @names
order by Count desc", new {names});
string[] names = new string[] {"ruby","rails","scruffy","rubyonrails"};
var tags = from tag in dataContext.Tags
           where names.Contains(tag.Name)
           orderby tag.Count descending
           select tag;

我曾经用过,这可能是一种令人讨厌的半途而废的方法,但效果很好。

根据您的目标,它可能会有用。

  1. 用一列创建一个临时表
  2. INSERT每个查找值插入该列。
  3. 除了使用IN ,您还可以使用标准的JOIN规则。 (灵活性 ++)

这在您可以执行的操作中增加了一点灵活性,但是它更适合于您要查询的表很大,索引很好并且您希望多次使用参数化列表的情况。省去了执行两次并手动完成所有清洁的麻烦。

我从来没有完全了解它的速度 ,但是在我的情况下是必需的。

ALTER FUNCTION [dbo].[Fn_sqllist_to_table](@list  AS VARCHAR(8000),
                                           @delim AS VARCHAR(10))
RETURNS @listTable TABLE(
  Position INT,
  Value    VARCHAR(8000))
AS
  BEGIN
      DECLARE @myPos INT

      SET @myPos = 1

      WHILE Charindex(@delim, @list) > 0
        BEGIN
            INSERT INTO @listTable
                        (Position,Value)
            VALUES     (@myPos,LEFT(@list, Charindex(@delim, @list) - 1))

            SET @myPos = @myPos + 1

            IF Charindex(@delim, @list) = Len(@list)
              INSERT INTO @listTable
                          (Position,Value)
              VALUES     (@myPos,'')

            SET @list = RIGHT(@list, Len(@list) - Charindex(@delim, @list))
        END

      IF Len(@list) > 0
        INSERT INTO @listTable
                    (Position,Value)
        VALUES     (@myPos,@list)

      RETURN
  END
@Name varchar(8000) = null // parameter for search values    

select * from Tags 
where Name in (SELECT value From fn_sqllist_to_table(@Name,',')))
order by Count desc
DECLARE @names NVARCHAR(MAX) = 'ruby,rails,scruffy,rubyonrails';

SELECT * 
FROM Tags
WHERE Name IN (SELECT [value] FROM STRING_SPLIT(@names, ','))
ORDER BY Count DESC;
DECLARE @names NVARCHAR(MAX) = 'ruby,rails,scruffy,rubyonrails';

SELECT t.*
FROM Tags t
JOIN STRING_SPLIT(@names,',')
  ON t.Name = [value]
ORDER BY Count DESC;