片段中的 findViewById

我试图在一个 Fragment 中创建一个 ImageView,它将引用我在 Fragment 的 XML 中创建的 ImageView 元素。但是,仅当我扩展 Activity 类时, findViewById方法才有效。无论如何,我也可以在 Fragment 中使用它吗?

public class TestClass extends Fragment {
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        ImageView imageView = (ImageView)findViewById(R.id.my_image);
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.testclassfragment, container, false);
    }
}

findViewById方法上有一个错误,指出该方法未定义。

答案

@Override
public void onViewCreated(View view, @Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    ImageView imageView = (ImageView) getView().findViewById(R.id.foo);
    // or  (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.foo);
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, 
                         ViewGroup container, 
                         Bundle savedInstanceState) {
     View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.testclassfragment, container, false);
     ImageView imageView = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.my_image);
     return view;
}
@Override
public void onViewCreated(View view, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onViewCreated(view, savedInstanceState);
    view.findViewById(R.id.yourId).setOnClickListener(this);

    // or
    getActivity().findViewById(R.id.yourId).setOnClickListener(this);
}
getView().findViewById("your view id");
public class TestClass extends Fragment {
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View v = inflater.inflate(R.layout.testclassfragment, container, false);
        ImageView imageView = (ImageView)v.findViewById(R.id.my_image);
        return v;
    }
}
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.testclassfragment, container, false);
    ImageView imageView = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.my_image);
    return view;
}
public void onActivityCreated(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
      super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState);
}
getView().findViewById(R.id.foo);
getActivity().findViewById(R.id.foo);
View v = getView().findViewByID(R.id.x);
class GalleryFragment extends Fragment {
    private Gallery gallery;

    (...)

    @Override
    public void onViewCreated(View view, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        gallery = (Gallery) view.findViewById(R.id.gallery);
        gallery.setAdapter(adapter);
        super.onViewCreated(view, savedInstanceState);
    }
}
private View rootView;

@Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
    Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    rootView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_contatos, container, false);
}

public void doSomething () {
    ImageView thumbnail = (ImageView) rootView.findViewById(R.id.someId);
}
View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.testclassfragment, container, false);
             ImageView imageView = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.my_image);
             return view;