获取数据库中所有表的大小

我继承了一个相当大的 SQL Server 数据库。考虑到它包含的数据,它似乎比我预期的要占用更多的空间。

有没有一种简单的方法来确定每个表占用多少磁盘空间?

答案

SELECT 
    t.NAME AS TableName,
    s.Name AS SchemaName,
    p.rows AS RowCounts,
    SUM(a.total_pages) * 8 AS TotalSpaceKB, 
    CAST(ROUND(((SUM(a.total_pages) * 8) / 1024.00), 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS TotalSpaceMB,
    SUM(a.used_pages) * 8 AS UsedSpaceKB, 
    CAST(ROUND(((SUM(a.used_pages) * 8) / 1024.00), 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS UsedSpaceMB, 
    (SUM(a.total_pages) - SUM(a.used_pages)) * 8 AS UnusedSpaceKB,
    CAST(ROUND(((SUM(a.total_pages) - SUM(a.used_pages)) * 8) / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS UnusedSpaceMB
FROM 
    sys.tables t
INNER JOIN      
    sys.indexes i ON t.OBJECT_ID = i.object_id
INNER JOIN 
    sys.partitions p ON i.object_id = p.OBJECT_ID AND i.index_id = p.index_id
INNER JOIN 
    sys.allocation_units a ON p.partition_id = a.container_id
LEFT OUTER JOIN 
    sys.schemas s ON t.schema_id = s.schema_id
WHERE 
    t.NAME NOT LIKE 'dt%' 
    AND t.is_ms_shipped = 0
    AND i.OBJECT_ID > 255 
GROUP BY 
    t.Name, s.Name, p.Rows
ORDER BY 
    t.Name

如果您使用的是SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS),则可以运行标准报表 ,而不是运行查询( 在我的情况下返回重复的行 )。

  1. 右键单击数据库
  2. 导航对报告 > 标准报告 > 按表的磁盘使用情况

注意:数据库兼容性级别必须设置为 90 或更高,才能正常工作。请参阅http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-gb/library/bb510680.aspx

sp_spaceused 可以为您提供有关表,索引视图或整个数据库使用的磁盘空间的信息。

例如:

USE MyDatabase; GO

EXEC sp_spaceused N'User.ContactInfo'; GO

这将报告 ContactInfo 表的磁盘使用情况信息。

要一次将其用于所有表:

USE MyDatabase; GO

sp_msforeachtable 'EXEC sp_spaceused [?]' GO

您还可以从 SQL Server 的 “标准报表” 功能的右键单击中获取磁盘使用情况。要获取此报告,请从 “对象资源管理器” 中的服务器对象导航,向下移至 “数据库” 对象,然后右键单击任何数据库。从出现的菜单中,选择 “报告”,然后选择 “标准报告”,然后选择 “按分区划分的磁盘使用情况:[数据库名称]”。

这是另一种方法:使用SQL Server Management Studio ,在 “ 对象资源管理器” 中 ,转到数据库并选择 “ 表”

在此处输入图片说明

然后打开 “ 对象资源管理器详细信息” (通过按F7或转到 “ 视图”->“对象资源管理器详细信息” )。在对象资源管理器详细信息页面中,右键单击列标题,然后启用要在页面中看到的列。您也可以按任何列对数据进行排序。

在此处输入图片说明

经过一些搜索,我找不到一种简单的方法来获取所有表的信息。有一个名为 sp_spaceused 的方便的存储过程,该过程将返回数据库使用的所有空间。如果提供了表名,则返回该表使用的空间。但是,由于列是字符值,所以存储过程返回的结果不可排序。

以下脚本将生成我正在寻找的信息。

create table #TableSize (
    Name varchar(255),
    [rows] int,
    reserved varchar(255),
    data varchar(255),
    index_size varchar(255),
    unused varchar(255))
create table #ConvertedSizes (
    Name varchar(255),
    [rows] int,
    reservedKb int,
    dataKb int,
    reservedIndexSize int,
    reservedUnused int)

EXEC sp_MSforeachtable @command1="insert into #TableSize
EXEC sp_spaceused '?'"
insert into #ConvertedSizes (Name, [rows], reservedKb, dataKb, reservedIndexSize, reservedUnused)
select name, [rows], 
SUBSTRING(reserved, 0, LEN(reserved)-2), 
SUBSTRING(data, 0, LEN(data)-2), 
SUBSTRING(index_size, 0, LEN(index_size)-2), 
SUBSTRING(unused, 0, LEN(unused)-2)
from #TableSize

select * from #ConvertedSizes
order by reservedKb desc

drop table #TableSize
drop table #ConvertedSizes
exec  sp_spaceused N'dbo.MyTable'

对于所有表,使用..(从 Paul 的注释中添加)

exec sp_MSForEachTable 'exec sp_spaceused [?]'

上面的查询很适合查找表使用的空间量(包括索引),但是如果要比较表上的索引使用了多少空间,请使用以下查询:

SELECT
    OBJECT_NAME(i.OBJECT_ID) AS TableName,
    i.name AS IndexName,
    i.index_id AS IndexID,
    8 * SUM(a.used_pages) AS 'Indexsize(KB)'
FROM
    sys.indexes AS i JOIN 
    sys.partitions AS p ON p.OBJECT_ID = i.OBJECT_ID AND p.index_id = i.index_id JOIN 
    sys.allocation_units AS a ON a.container_id = p.partition_id
where [i].[is_primary_key] = 0 -- fix for size discrepancy
GROUP BY
    i.OBJECT_ID,
    i.index_id,
    i.name
ORDER BY
    OBJECT_NAME(i.OBJECT_ID),
    i.index_id

如果需要计算 SSMS 中 “表属性 - 存储” 页面上完全相同的数字,则需要使用与 SSMS 中相同的方法对它们进行计数(适用于 sql server 2005 及更高版本... 以及对于具有 LOB 字段的表可以正常工作 - 因为仅计算 “used_pages” 不足以显示准确的索引大小):

;with cte as (
SELECT
t.name as TableName,
SUM (s.used_page_count) as used_pages_count,
SUM (CASE
            WHEN (i.index_id < 2) THEN (in_row_data_page_count + lob_used_page_count + row_overflow_used_page_count)
            ELSE lob_used_page_count + row_overflow_used_page_count
        END) as pages
FROM sys.dm_db_partition_stats  AS s 
JOIN sys.tables AS t ON s.object_id = t.object_id
JOIN sys.indexes AS i ON i.[object_id] = t.[object_id] AND s.index_id = i.index_id
GROUP BY t.name
)
select
    cte.TableName, 
    cast((cte.pages * 8.)/1024 as decimal(10,3)) as TableSizeInMB, 
    cast(((CASE WHEN cte.used_pages_count > cte.pages 
                THEN cte.used_pages_count - cte.pages
                ELSE 0 
          END) * 8./1024) as decimal(10,3)) as IndexSizeInMB
from cte
order by 2 desc

@xav 答案的扩展名,用于处理表分区以获取 MB 和 GB 的大小。在 SQL Server is_memory_optimized = 1上测试(注释了is_memory_optimized = 1

SELECT
    a2.name AS TableName,
    a1.rows as [RowCount],
    --(a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) * 8 AS ReservedSize_KB,
    --a1.data * 8 AS DataSize_KB,
    --(CASE WHEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) > a1.data THEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) - a1.data ELSE 0 END) * 8 AS IndexSize_KB,
    --(CASE WHEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) > a1.used THEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) - a1.used ELSE 0 END) * 8 AS UnusedSize_KB,
    CAST(ROUND(((a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) * 8) / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS ReservedSize_MB,
    CAST(ROUND(a1.data * 8 / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS DataSize_MB,
    CAST(ROUND((CASE WHEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) > a1.data THEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) - a1.data ELSE 0 END) * 8 / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS IndexSize_MB,
    CAST(ROUND((CASE WHEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) > a1.used THEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) - a1.used ELSE 0 END) * 8 / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS UnusedSize_MB,
    --'| |' Separator_MB_GB,
    CAST(ROUND(((a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) * 8) / 1024.00 / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS ReservedSize_GB,
    CAST(ROUND(a1.data * 8 / 1024.00 / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS DataSize_GB,
    CAST(ROUND((CASE WHEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) > a1.data THEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) - a1.data ELSE 0 END) * 8 / 1024.00 / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS IndexSize_GB,
    CAST(ROUND((CASE WHEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) > a1.used THEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) - a1.used ELSE 0 END) * 8 / 1024.00 / 1024.00, 2) AS NUMERIC(36, 2)) AS UnusedSize_GB
FROM
    (SELECT 
        ps.object_id,
        SUM (CASE WHEN (ps.index_id < 2) THEN row_count ELSE 0 END) AS [rows],
        SUM (ps.reserved_page_count) AS reserved,
        SUM (CASE
                WHEN (ps.index_id < 2) THEN (ps.in_row_data_page_count + ps.lob_used_page_count + ps.row_overflow_used_page_count)
                ELSE (ps.lob_used_page_count + ps.row_overflow_used_page_count)
            END
            ) AS data,
        SUM (ps.used_page_count) AS used
    FROM sys.dm_db_partition_stats ps
        --===Remove the following comment for SQL Server 2014+
        --WHERE ps.object_id NOT IN (SELECT object_id FROM sys.tables WHERE is_memory_optimized = 1)
    GROUP BY ps.object_id) AS a1
LEFT OUTER JOIN 
    (SELECT 
        it.parent_id,
        SUM(ps.reserved_page_count) AS reserved,
        SUM(ps.used_page_count) AS used
     FROM sys.dm_db_partition_stats ps
     INNER JOIN sys.internal_tables it ON (it.object_id = ps.object_id)
     WHERE it.internal_type IN (202,204)
     GROUP BY it.parent_id) AS a4 ON (a4.parent_id = a1.object_id)
INNER JOIN sys.all_objects a2  ON ( a1.object_id = a2.object_id ) 
INNER JOIN sys.schemas a3 ON (a2.schema_id = a3.schema_id)
WHERE a2.type <> N'S' and a2.type <> N'IT'
--AND a2.name = 'MyTable'       --Filter for specific table
--ORDER BY a3.name, a2.name
ORDER BY ReservedSize_MB DESC

我们使用表分区,由于记录重复,上面提供的查询有些麻烦。

对于需要此功能的用户,可以在生成 “按表使用磁盘” 报告时在 SQL Server 2014 运行的查询下方找到。我认为它也可以与早期版本的 SQL Server 一起使用。

它像一种魅力。

SELECT
    a2.name AS [tablename],
    a1.rows as row_count,
    (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0))* 8 AS reserved, 
    a1.data * 8 AS data,
    (CASE WHEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) > a1.data THEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) - a1.data ELSE 0 END) * 8 AS index_size,
    (CASE WHEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) > a1.used THEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) - a1.used ELSE 0 END) * 8 AS unused
FROM
    (SELECT 
        ps.object_id,
        SUM (
            CASE
                WHEN (ps.index_id < 2) THEN row_count
                ELSE 0
            END
            ) AS [rows],
        SUM (ps.reserved_page_count) AS reserved,
        SUM (
            CASE
                WHEN (ps.index_id < 2) THEN (ps.in_row_data_page_count + ps.lob_used_page_count + ps.row_overflow_used_page_count)
                ELSE (ps.lob_used_page_count + ps.row_overflow_used_page_count)
            END
            ) AS data,
        SUM (ps.used_page_count) AS used
    FROM sys.dm_db_partition_stats ps
        WHERE ps.object_id NOT IN (SELECT object_id FROM sys.tables WHERE is_memory_optimized = 1)
    GROUP BY ps.object_id) AS a1
LEFT OUTER JOIN 
    (SELECT 
        it.parent_id,
        SUM(ps.reserved_page_count) AS reserved,
        SUM(ps.used_page_count) AS used
     FROM sys.dm_db_partition_stats ps
     INNER JOIN sys.internal_tables it ON (it.object_id = ps.object_id)
     WHERE it.internal_type IN (202,204)
     GROUP BY it.parent_id) AS a4 ON (a4.parent_id = a1.object_id)
INNER JOIN sys.all_objects a2  ON ( a1.object_id = a2.object_id ) 
INNER JOIN sys.schemas a3 ON (a2.schema_id = a3.schema_id)
WHERE a2.type <> N'S' and a2.type <> N'IT'
ORDER BY a3.name, a2.name